This article was published by the United States National Library of Medicine, National Institute of Health online at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:
The metabolic flexibility is often impaired in diseases associated with obesity, and many studies are based on the hypothesis that dysfunction in peripheral tissues such as skeletal muscle, liver and adipose tissue represent the etiology of development of metabolic inflexibility. Experimental evidence shows that the use of phototherapy combined with exercise was effective in controlling the lipid profile, reducing the mass of adipose tissue, suggesting increased metabolic activity and changes in lipid metabolism. However, we found few data in the literature involving the use of phototherapy in association to physical training in the obese population. Thus, our objective was to evaluate the effects of exercise training (aerobic plus resistance exercises) plus phototherapy (laser, 808 nm) on metabolic profile and adiponectinemia in obese women.
Sixty-four obese women (BMI 30-40 kg/m2 , age between 20 and 40 years old) were randomly assigned in two groups: Exercise Training plus SHAM group (ET-SHAM, n = 32) and Exercise Training plus Phototherapy group (ET-PHOTO, n = 32). The treatment consisted in physical exercise intervention and the individual application of phototherapy immediately after the end of the training session. However, in the ET-SHAM group the device was turned off simulating the phototherapy application (placebo effect). The study protocol lasted for 20 weeks and comprised of three weekly sessions of aerobic plus resistance training and application of phototherapy (when applicable). The body composition and metabolic parameters were assessed (HOMA, adiponectin, insulin, glucose).
Comparing the magnitude of effects between groups (ET-PHOTO vs. ET-SHAM), we observed that physical training plus phototherapy was more effective than physical training in reducing the delta of percentage of fat mass (%; -5.60 ± 1.59 vs. -4.33 ± 1.5; P < 0.04); fat mass (kg; -11.26 ± 2.82 vs. -5.80 ± 2.82; P < 0.0002); HOMA-IR index (-38.08 ± 9.23 vs. -20.91 ± 14.42; P < 0.0001). In addition, we observed an increase in delta (%) of total skeletal muscle mass (kg; 0.60 ± 1.09 vs. -1.38 ± 1.70; P < 0.003), adiponectin concentration (ng/ml; 1.08 (0.04-3.62) vs. -0.42 (-3.15 to 2.26); P < 0.03) in the same comparison.
Our results demonstrated for the first time that phototherapy enhances the physical exercise effects in obese women undergoing weight loss treatment promoting significant changes in inflexibility metabolic profile.
© 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
One of the most important things you can do before logging into social media is to check in with yourself. If you are feeling overwhelmed or depressed, it might be better to go for a walk or revitalize your emotions elsewhere. Scrolling through posts will only elevate your anxiety. Technology overstimulation will serve as an additional stressor and may even exacerbate symptoms of anxiety and depression. Here are some ways to help you take control of your social media usage and prevent any unnecessary anxiety.
Social media offers many benefits. It helps you stay connected to family and it helps to reconnect long lost friendships. It’s even helped serve as a bridge for biological families in many adoption cases around the world. Social media has made our lives more convenient than ever before, simply because it’s so much easier to find others who can offer us the resources that we need. While this constant connection serves its purpose, it can also be somewhat damaging to mental health. Here are some tips for ensuring that your mental health isn’t jeopardized when using social media.
In our previous post we offered a few reasons on why it is important to adhere to a routine. It turns out that we were only scratching the surface, and we have a lot more tips to share for committing to a daily task list.
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